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Terminology

Actinic Keratoses (AK’s)

Actinic keratoses are considered the earliest stage in the development of skin cancer. They are common lesions of the epidermis (outermost layer of the skin), and are caused by long-term exposure to sunlight. AK’s are most likely to appear after age 40, but may be found in persons as young as the teens and twenties. The most significant predisposing factors to AK’s are fair skin and long-term sun exposure. Learn more.

Benign Nevi

Also known as a mole, nevus is the medical term for sharply circumscribed and chronic lesions of the skin. They are also commonly referred to as birthmarks or beauty marks.

Cherry Angiomas

These are cherry red papules on the skin that represent a proliferation of blood vessels.

Dermatofibroma

This is a very common skin growth that resembles a scar like bump on the skin.

Intertrigo

This is a yeast infection in the folds of the skin caused by inflammation.

Lentigines

Sun freckles.

Milia

Acne like cysts under the skin.

Onychomycosis

This is a fungal infection of the toenail.

Sebaceous Dermatitis

This is inflamed skin affecting the scalp, face or torso, similar to dandruff.  Typically, it will present with scaly, flaky, itchy and red skin.

Sebaceous Hyperplasia

Glands that become enlarged, producing yellow, shiny bumps on the face.

Seborrheic Keratoses (SK’s)

Seborrheic Keratoses are often confused with warts or moles, but they are quite different. Seborrheic keratoses are non-cancerous growths of the outer layer of skin. There may be just one growth or many which occur in clusters. They are usually brown, but can vary in color from light tan to black and range in size from a fraction of an inch in diameter to larger than a half-dollar. A main feature of seborrheic keratoses is their waxy, pasted-on or stuck-on appearance. They sometimes look like a dab of warm brown candle wax that has dropped onto the skin or like barnacles attached to the skin. Learn more.

Tinea (Pedis, Corporis, Versicolor, etc.)

Fungi infections in the skin called dermatophytes, also known as “ringworm” or “tinea.” An example of a common fungal infection is athlete’s foot, also known as tinea pedis.

Verruca

A wart

Xerosis

Abnormal dryness of the skin

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